Bill C-20

Fair Representation Act

An Act to amend the Constitution Act, 1867, the Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act and the Canada Elections Act

This bill was tabled by Tim Uppal on Oct. 27, 2011.

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How does a bill become a law?

Don’t trust Schoolhouse Rock – that’s for Americans. To become a law, a bill in the Canada’s Parliament needs to go through the following steps, and pass when voted on during each step:

  • It all starts with the first reading, when the bill is introduced.
  • Next comes the second reading, when other MPs or Senators get to debate the bill.
  • After that, the bill goes to a committee that studies and amends it line-by-line. Once they finish, the bill goes returns to the House or Senate for the report stage, where anyone can propose amendments.
  • The third reading is the moment of truth: no more changes, just a debate and a final vote on whether or not the bill should pass.
  • If a bill makes it through all of those steps – in both the House of Commons and Senate – it’s ready to get Royal Assent and become a law.

Status of this Bill

Royal Assent

Activity Feed

  • Photo of Sylvain Chicoine
    Sylvain Chicoine spoke about Government Orders > Combating Terrorism Act

    Mr. Speaker, I sincerely thank my colleague for his question. ... more

    Oct. 17, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Alexandre Boulerice
    Alexandre Boulerice spoke about Government Orders > Combating Terrorism Act

    Mr. Speaker, I too would like to congratulate my New Democratic colleague for her excellent, well-documented and substantial comments about concerns that, in my view, are fair and legitimate. ... more

    Oct. 17, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Ève Péclet
    Ève Péclet spoke about Private Members' Business > Democratic Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I am in fact very pleased to rise today in this House and to tell all my colleagues, particularly those from Quebec, just how proud I am that we are able to stand up for Quebec's level of representation in our democratic system and champion the Quebec culture and what it brings to Canada from an historical standpoint. ... more

    March 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Alexandrine Latendresse
    Alexandrine Latendresse spoke about Private Members' Business > Democratic Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I have a golden opportunity to speak today to Bill C-312. My colleague from Compton—Stanstead introduced this bill when were still debating Bill C-20 on readjusting the number of seats in the House. The NDP introduced Bill C-312 as an amended version. ... more

    March 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Alexandre Boulerice
    Alexandre Boulerice spoke about Private Members' Business > Democratic Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I am particularly pleased and proud to be able to rise in the House to support the bill introduced by the hon. member for Compton—Stanstead. ... more

    March 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Isabelle Morin
    Isabelle Morin spoke about Private Members' Business > Democratic Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I am very pleased to rise in this House today and I thank my colleague from Compton—Stanstead for introducing this bill. I know he is very concerned about democratic, fair representation everywhere in Canada. I thank him for his passion. ... more

    March 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Peter Van Loan
    Peter Van Loan spoke about Oral Questions > Business of the House

    Mr. Speaker, thank you for the opportunity to give my last Thursday statement of 2011. The fall has been a productive, hard-working and orderly session. It has been capped by results that we have seen in the House during delivering results month since we returned from the Remembrance Day constituency week. ... more

    Dec. 15, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of David Sweet
    David Sweet spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, my colleague from Wellington—Halton Hills has done a great job in talking about the principle of representation by population and also iterating the three promises we made to Canadians about how we developed Bill C-20. In previous debate today we heard about the positive comments of the Chief Electoral Officer regarding this bill and its workability in framing the new divisions and being ready for the upcoming election in 2015. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Michael Chong
    Michael Chong spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I am honoured to speak to this bill, which I think is very important because I believe that citizenship is the foundation of Canadian society. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Justin Trudeau
    Justin Trudeau spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I am very pleased to be coming back to this issue because it warrants a great deal of consideration and serious thought. Most Canadians are cynical about politics at this juncture, and I believe that we must study the very important issue of whether or not Canadians across the country are well represented. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Marc Garneau
    Marc Garneau spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I have the honour of sharing my time with my colleague from Papineau. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Ted Opitz
    Ted Opitz spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I am very happy to have this opportunity to stand again today to speak in favour of Bill C-20, the fair representation act. This bill is representative of a series of important points for Canadians in general and for both Ontarians and my constituents in Etobicoke Centre. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    The House resumed consideration of the motion that Bill C-20, An Act to amend the Constitution Act, 1867, the Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act and the Canada Elections Act, be read the third time and passed.

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Tim Uppal
    Tim Uppal spoke about Oral Questions > Democratic Reform

    Mr. Speaker, our government is delivering a principled, reasonable and fair bill for all Canadians with the fair representation act. It is truly a national formula. The opposition has brought forward alternatives. I thank those members for contributing to the debate, but I believe that in their attempt to score political points they are ignoring the real consequences of their proposals. It is time to put politics aside and support a truly national, fair for all Canadians strategy on representation. That is why I am asking the opposition parties to vote for the fair representation act tonight.

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Blaine Calkins
    Blaine Calkins spoke about Oral Questions > Democratic Reform

    Mr. Speaker, there is no question that Bill C-20 represents the most practical and fair approach to improving representation in the House of Commons. It is the only truly national representation strategy. It is the only formula that can claim to be fair for all Canadians. Bill C-20 addresses the serious and increasing under-representation of our fastest growing provinces: Ontario, British Columbia and Alberta. The problem is significant right now and it is only going to get worse if we continue with the status quo. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Pat Martin
    Pat Martin spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I am very pleased to join the debate on this bill. Perhaps I could keep my remarks very brief, as all that really needs to be said here today is that this bill is not ready for a third and final vote. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Brent Rathgeber
    Brent Rathgeber spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, it is indeed an honour for me to rise and add a few additional comments on this important piece of legislation, Bill C-20, dealing with fair representation. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Justin Trudeau
    Justin Trudeau spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I ask the member opposite specifically about one of the core elements of what the Conservatives' proposal is reposing on, that is, that Quebec not be under-represented in the House with respect to its actual percentage of the population. The reality is Bill C-20 in its current form fails that test. They are proposing 78 seats for Quebec, which is adding three. Members may want to get out their calculators right now because 78 divided into 338 equals 23.08, when the population of Quebec as a proportion of Canada is 23.14. There is actually a core flaw in the basic principles of what the Conservatives have put forward because the math simply does not work. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Terence Young
    Terence Young spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I am happy to share the allocated time with my colleague, the member for Edmonton—St. Albert, on this important issue. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Françoise Boivin
    Françoise Boivin spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, it is my pleasure and honour to rise to discuss Bill C-20, an extremely important bill about our right to representation at the federal level in this magnificent country of ours, Canada. This is not an easy thing to achieve. This is not the first Parliament called upon to consider the matter, and it most surely will not be the last. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Alexandre Boulerice
    Alexandre Boulerice spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I would first like to say that I wish to share my time with the hon. member for Gatineau. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Scott Reid
    Scott Reid spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I rise to speak in favour of this legislation. It is an excellent bill that goes a long way toward returning Canada to one of the foundational principles of our federation. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Stéphane Dion
    Stéphane Dion spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, at the beginning of November, when we started debating Bill C-20, which aims to more fairly allocate seats by province in the House of Commons, I said that Parliament should be united when democracy itself is at stake. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Alexandrine Latendresse
    Alexandrine Latendresse spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I am pleased to rise in this House again here today to speak to Bill C-20, which has already reached third reading. This bill is going through the House of Commons faster than flu in winter. While Canada is taking a beating, the government can use the word “fair” to describe the bill all it likes, but it is nothing of the sort. I hope the minister sees how ironic it is that this bill is being rammed through the House so quickly. He is the Minister of State for Democratic Reform and although the substance of this bill has to do with democracy, its form has absolutely nothing to do with it. It is appalling that today is the one and only day set aside to debate this bill at third reading. It is almost a joke. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Kevin Lamoureux
    Kevin Lamoureux spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, Bill C-20, the more politicians bill, is really what the bill is all about. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
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