Bill C-26

Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

An Act to amend the Criminal Code (citizen's arrest and the defences of property and persons)

This bill was tabled by Rob Nicholson on Nov. 22, 2011.

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How does a bill become a law?

Don’t trust Schoolhouse Rock – that’s for Americans. To become a law, a bill in the Canada’s Parliament needs to go through the following steps, and pass when voted on during each step:

  • It all starts with the first reading, when the bill is introduced.
  • Next comes the second reading, when other MPs or Senators get to debate the bill.
  • After that, the bill goes to a committee that studies and amends it line-by-line. Once they finish, the bill goes returns to the House or Senate for the report stage, where anyone can propose amendments.
  • The third reading is the moment of truth: no more changes, just a debate and a final vote on whether or not the bill should pass.
  • If a bill makes it through all of those steps – in both the House of Commons and Senate – it’s ready to get Royal Assent and become a law.

Status of this Bill

Royal Assent

Activity Feed

  • Photo of Irwin Cotler
    Irwin Cotler spoke about Private Members' Business > An Act to amend the Criminal Code (personating peace officer or public officer)

    Mr. Speaker, I would like to begin by once again thanking the member for Red Deer for the work he has done to bring the issue of the personation of peace officers to the attention of the House. As he and others have correctly pointed out, there have been a number of offences committed in recent years in which the offender personated an officer in order to facilitate illegal activity, and these instances have the profoundly troubling consequence of undermining public trust in the police and other officials. ... more

    May 31, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of David Wilks
    David Wilks spoke

    Thank you, Mr. Chair, and thank you, Minister, for being here today. I think that you and your department have done a great job over the years to ensure that we recognize victims of crime over those who are behind bars. ... more

    March 20, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Jamie Nicholls
    Jamie Nicholls spoke about Private Members' Business > Transboundary Waters Protection Act

    Mr. Speaker, it is a pleasure to speak to the bill introduced by the hon. member for Bruce—Grey—Owen Sound. Our party intends to support this legislation, and I commend my colleague opposite for bringing it forward. However, I particularly want to thank all the activists in Canada who have been urging the government for several years to protect our most precious resource, namely our water. ... more

    Feb. 8, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Andrew Scheer
    Andrew Scheer spoke about Royal Assent > Message from the Senate

    I have the honour to inform the House that when the House did attend His Excellency the Governor General in the Senate chamber, His Excellency was pleased to give, in Her Majesty's name, the royal assent to the following bills: ... more

    June 28, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Linda Duncan
    Linda Duncan spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Madam Speaker, I too am rising to speak to Bill C-26. The origin of the bill is the Lucky Moose case. A shopkeeper, believing that the same accused was continuing to shoplift in his shop and frustrated that he was not getting action in apprehending this person, chose to detain and essentially arrest and confine this person. The shop owner was arrested, charged and convicted. However, there was a lot of controversy around this case. It was appealed and the conviction was overturned. The court at the appeal level raised concerns with the current provisions in law specific to property protection. The court found the provisions inconsistent and meriting clarity. ... more

    May 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of André Bellavance
    André Bellavance spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Madam Speaker, I would like to thank my colleague for her question and comment. ... more

    May 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of André Bellavance
    André Bellavance spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Madam Speaker, I am pleased to rise on Bill C–26. This is a rare event. For once, the Conservative Minister of Justice has introduced a balanced bill that is realistic and even includes a number of recommendations from the opposition parties. For once, we can be glad to have a bill before us that will probably receive unanimous support. The Bloc Québécois intends to support this bill. ... more

    May 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Judy Sgro
    Judy Sgro spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Madam Speaker, I am pleased to have an opportunity to speak to Bill C-26 on citizen's arrest, an issue in which a lot of us have an interest. ... more

    May 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Guy Caron
    Guy Caron spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Madam Speaker, I am pleased to rise in this House to speak to Bill C-26. A number of my colleagues who have spoken thus far have raised interesting points. I will not be using my time to repeat what has already been said, even though they are important points. However, there are some things that should be highlighted. I mentioned a few in the questions that I was able to ask this morning about this bill. ... more

    May 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of François Lapointe
    François Lapointe spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Madam Speaker, I am pleased to rise in the House today to comment on Bill C-26 which is, at the end of the day, a societal debate among all members of the House. ... more

    May 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Elizabeth May
    Elizabeth May spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Madam Speaker, as we approach Bill C-26, a lot of members of Parliament are mindful of the notion that hard cases can make bad law. There is the specific case of David Chen and the Lucky Moose. We would have wished that the police on the scene had exercised some common sense and discretion by not prosecuting the individual. Now we have a law where a lot of us are concerned that there could be an increase in injuries, and even deaths, from people trying to take the law into their own hands, feeling empowered by what the House is doing with Bill C-26. ... more

    May 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Sean Casey
    Sean Casey spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Madam Speaker, I am pleased to have the opportunity to speak to Bill C-26. ... more

    May 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Alex Atamanenko
    Alex Atamanenko spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Madam Speaker, I thank my colleague who just spoke, and I will continue to elaborate on this bill. ... more

    May 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Elizabeth May
    Elizabeth May spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Madam Speaker, I thank the hon. member for Hamilton East—Stoney Creek for his speech on Bill C-26. As the House will know at this point, I think I am the only member of Parliament who feels I must vote against this bill because of my concerns about the expansion of citizen's arrest powers. ... more

    May 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Wayne Marston
    Wayne Marston spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Mr. Speaker, I appreciate the opportunity to rise today to speak to Bill C-26, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (citizen's arrest and the defences of property and persons). ... more

    May 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    The House resumed from April 25 consideration of the motion that Bill C-26, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (citizen's arrest and the defences of property and persons), be read the third time and passed.

    May 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Peter Van Loan
    Peter Van Loan spoke about Oral Questions > Business of the House

    Mr. Speaker, I want to begin by welcoming the new House leader for the official opposition. I look forward to working with him. I anticipate a positive and constructive approach. ... more

    April 26, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Charmaine Borg
    Charmaine Borg spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Mr. Speaker, I am pleased to speak for a second time to Bill C-26. Those watching the House of Commons today might be thinking that they are watching a competition to see how many times the Criminal Code can be amended in one Parliament, with these Conservatives and their tough on crime agenda. ... more

    April 25, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Raymond Côté
    Raymond Côté spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Mr. Speaker, I am honoured to have this opportunity to speak to Bill C-26. This is a great honour for me given that I have happily agreed, at the NDP whip's request, to become a member of the Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights. This is both a great honour and a great challenge for me. ... more

    April 25, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of James Bezan
    James Bezan spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Mr. Speaker, I rise on a point of order. I have been listening to the member talk on Bill C-26, which is about citizen's arrest, and he has been meandering all over the place, covering all sorts of different legislations and bills with which we were dealing. He talked about Bill C-31, which would improve the refugee act. Now he is talking about illegal handguns and border services. He is absolutely not talking about the subject at hand, Bill C-26, which would enhance citizens' protection.

    April 25, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Mike Sullivan
    Mike Sullivan spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Mr. Speaker, I appreciate this opportunity to speak once again to Bill C-26. ... more

    April 25, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Dan Harris
    Dan Harris spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Mr. Speaker, I would like to take this opportunity to welcome the member for Toronto—Danforth to the House and congratulate him on his new portfolio as deputy critic for justice. This is the quality of debate and the type of thoughtful, reasonable and well-researched remarks that we can expect from this member after just a few short weeks. I cannot wait to see what he will be capable of in a year or two. ... more

    April 25, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Craig Scott
    Craig Scott spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Mr. Speaker, I will be splitting my time with the hon. member for Scarborough Southwest. ... more

    April 25, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Charlie Angus
    Charlie Angus spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Mr. Speaker, as always, it is a real honour to stand in this House and represent the people of the great region of Timmins—James Bay. ... more

    April 25, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Laurin Liu
    Laurin Liu spoke about Government Orders > Citizen's Arrest and Self-defence Act

    Mr. Speaker, I will be sharing my time with the member for Timmins—James Bay. ... more

    April 25, 2012,   Parliament
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