Bill C-312

Democratic Representation Act

An Act to amend the Constitution Act, 1867 (democratic representation)

This bill was tabled by Jean Rousseau on Oct. 4, 2011.

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How does a bill become a law?

Don’t trust Schoolhouse Rock – that’s for Americans. To become a law, a bill in the Canada’s Parliament needs to go through the following steps, and pass when voted on during each step:

  • It all starts with the first reading, when the bill is introduced.
  • Next comes the second reading, when other MPs or Senators get to debate the bill.
  • After that, the bill goes to a committee that studies and amends it line-by-line. Once they finish, the bill goes returns to the House or Senate for the report stage, where anyone can propose amendments.
  • The third reading is the moment of truth: no more changes, just a debate and a final vote on whether or not the bill should pass.
  • If a bill makes it through all of those steps – in both the House of Commons and Senate – it’s ready to get Royal Assent and become a law.

Status of this Bill

Introduction and First Reading

Activity Feed

  • Photo of Bev Shipley
    Bev Shipley spoke about Routine Proceedings > Petitions > Abortion

    Mr. Speaker, I have two petitions to present to the House today from concerned citizens in the Wallaceburg area and in the Chatham area who are asking for support for Bill C-312 and that a special subcommittee be appointed to review the declaration of section 223 of the Criminal Code which states that a child becomes a human being only at the moment of complete birth.

    June 20, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of LaVar Payne
    LaVar Payne spoke about Routine Proceedings > Petitions > Rights of the Unborn

    Mr. Speaker, I have only one petition and I will make it brief. ... more

    May 2, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Andrew Scheer
    Andrew Scheer spoke about Private Members' Business > Democratic Representation Act

    The House will now proceed to the taking of the deferred division at second reading of Bill C-312 under private members' business.

    March 7, 2012,   Parliament
  • spoke about Private Members' Business > Democratic Representation Act

    The House resumed from March 1 consideration of the motion that Bill C-312, An Act to amend the Constitution Act, 1867 (democratic representation), be read the second time and referred to a committee.

    March 7, 2012,   Parliament
  • Vote 149
    That the Bill be now read a second time and referred to the Standing Committee on Procedure and House Affairs.
    • Against 100%
      Conservative
    • In favour 100%
      NDP
    • In favour 100%
      Bloc
    • Against 100%
      Liberal
    • Against 100%
      Green
    March 7, 2012
  • Photo of Jean Rousseau
    Jean Rousseau spoke about Private Members' Business > Democratic Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I would sincerely like to thank all the MPs of this 41st Parliament who took part in this democratic exercise, which was made possible through the reading of a private member’s bill. Given how this government operates, it is almost a miracle that we are still entitled to speak in the House. I do not have the impression that the Conservatives have ever listened to how they sound when they speak; otherwise they would ask themselves questions about the meaning of the words “honesty” and “democracy”. ... more

    March 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Alexandrine Latendresse
    Alexandrine Latendresse spoke about Private Members' Business > Democratic Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I have a golden opportunity to speak today to Bill C-312. My colleague from Compton—Stanstead introduced this bill when were still debating Bill C-20 on readjusting the number of seats in the House. The NDP introduced Bill C-312 as an amended version. ... more

    March 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Alexandre Boulerice
    Alexandre Boulerice spoke about Private Members' Business > Democratic Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I am particularly pleased and proud to be able to rise in the House to support the bill introduced by the hon. member for Compton—Stanstead. ... more

    March 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Isabelle Morin
    Isabelle Morin spoke about Private Members' Business > Democratic Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I am very pleased to rise in this House today and I thank my colleague from Compton—Stanstead for introducing this bill. I know he is very concerned about democratic, fair representation everywhere in Canada. I thank him for his passion. ... more

    March 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Stéphane Dion
    Stéphane Dion spoke about Private Members' Business > Democratic Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I would like to ask my NDP colleagues why they have begun to mimic one of the most unpleasant traits of the Conservatives, which is to fail to respond to objections to their party’s proposals. ... more

    March 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • spoke about Private Members' Business > Democratic Representation Act

    The House resumed from December 2 consideration of the motion that Bill C-312, An Act to amend the Constitution Act, 1867 (democratic representation), be read the second time and referred to a committee.

    March 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Pat Martin
    Pat Martin spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I appreciate some of the thoughtful, considerate and even refreshing speeches put forward by some of my colleagues in the opposition. I believe it serves as an illustration of how seriously we on this side of the House take this opportunity to show not only respect for the various constituent regions that make up the fragile construct of the nation state of Canada. I am also proud, in the context of this debate, that many of the members on the NDP side have put forward the first bill they believe is a reasonable consideration of the thorny question of representation in the House, which is private member's Bill C-312. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Françoise Boivin
    Françoise Boivin spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, it is my pleasure and honour to rise to discuss Bill C-20, an extremely important bill about our right to representation at the federal level in this magnificent country of ours, Canada. This is not an easy thing to achieve. This is not the first Parliament called upon to consider the matter, and it most surely will not be the last. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Alexandre Boulerice
    Alexandre Boulerice spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I would first like to say that I wish to share my time with the hon. member for Gatineau. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Alexandrine Latendresse
    Alexandrine Latendresse spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, of course, I would like to thank the hon. member for Compton—Stanstead for the excellent bill that he introduced in the House. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Jean Rousseau
    Jean Rousseau spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I would like to commend the hon. member for Louis-Saint-Laurent for that marvellous demonstration of democracy. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Alexandrine Latendresse
    Alexandrine Latendresse spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, I am pleased to rise in this House again here today to speak to Bill C-20, which has already reached third reading. This bill is going through the House of Commons faster than flu in winter. While Canada is taking a beating, the government can use the word “fair” to describe the bill all it likes, but it is nothing of the sort. I hope the minister sees how ironic it is that this bill is being rammed through the House so quickly. He is the Minister of State for Democratic Reform and although the substance of this bill has to do with democracy, its form has absolutely nothing to do with it. It is appalling that today is the one and only day set aside to debate this bill at third reading. It is almost a joke. ... more

    Dec. 13, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Tarik Brahmi
    Tarik Brahmi spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Madam Speaker, I would like to speak today about Bill C-20. ... more

    Dec. 9, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Alexandrine Latendresse
    Alexandrine Latendresse spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act

    Madam Speaker, today, the government is putting back on the table one of the most contentious issues in Canadian history, namely the representation of communities of interests in our democratic institutions. ... more

    Dec. 6, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Libby Davies
    Libby Davies spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act > Motions in Amendment

    Mr. Speaker, my hon. colleague is a new member and she offers a very new and fresh perspective to the House. One thing we have learned is to consult with people and local communities. It is a perspective the member brings to the House and I think it is very important. ... more

    Dec. 6, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Libby Davies
    Libby Davies spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act > Motions in Amendment

    Mr. Speaker, I certainly respect my hon. colleague and I have listened to his point of view many times. I would encourage him to vote for the NDP Bill C-312. ... more

    Dec. 6, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Libby Davies
    Libby Davies spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act > Motions in Amendment

    Mr. Speaker, I would be happy to address the issues being raised by the parliamentary secretary. ... more

    Dec. 6, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Kevin Lamoureux
    Kevin Lamoureux spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act > Motions in Amendment

    Mr. Speaker, the comments made by the member for Wellington—Halton Hills give the impression that at the very least he would support what the Liberals are proposing, except for the issue of dealing with the political rancour that would be created if we were to adopt the Liberal proposal. The Liberal proposal, in essence, just keeps the same number. We do not need more members of Parliament. The table brought forward by the Liberal Party makes sense, and the member acknowledges that, except for the political rancour aspect. ... more

    Dec. 6, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Matthew Dubé
    Matthew Dubé spoke about Government Orders > Fair Representation Act > Motions in Amendment

    Madam Speaker, I am very pleased to have the opportunity to speak about this bill since there are several issues that I would like to address. ... more

    Dec. 6, 2011,   Parliament
  • Photo of Manon Perreault
    Manon Perreault spoke about Private Members' Business > Democratic Representation Act

    Mr. Speaker, today is the fourth time I have spoken in the House. This time, it is to support the bill introduced by my colleague, the member for Compton—Stanstead. I thank him for having introduced such a fair and clear bill. The aim of Bill C-312 is to give each province equal representation. The bill takes into account not only representation by population, but also geographic representation and the notion of communities of interest. Demographics, geography and communities of interest are all factored in. ... more

    Dec. 2, 2011,   Parliament
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