Bill C-4

Preventing Human Smugglers from Abusing Canada's Immigration System Act

An Act to amend the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, the Balanced Refugee Reform Act and the Marine Transportation Security Act

This bill was tabled by Vic Toews on June 17, 2011.

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How does a bill become a law?

Don’t trust Schoolhouse Rock – that’s for Americans. To become a law, a bill in the Canada’s Parliament needs to go through the following steps, and pass when voted on during each step:

  • It all starts with the first reading, when the bill is introduced.
  • Next comes the second reading, when other MPs or Senators get to debate the bill.
  • After that, the bill goes to a committee that studies and amends it line-by-line. Once they finish, the bill goes returns to the House or Senate for the report stage, where anyone can propose amendments.
  • The third reading is the moment of truth: no more changes, just a debate and a final vote on whether or not the bill should pass.
  • If a bill makes it through all of those steps – in both the House of Commons and Senate – it’s ready to get Royal Assent and become a law.

Status of this Bill

Introduction and First Reading

Activity Feed

  • Photo of Laurin Liu
    Laurin Liu spoke about Private Members' Business > Criminal Code

    Mr. Speaker, I am pleased to rise today to speak to Bill C-452, which seeks to address the issue of human trafficking. I have already spoken several times about different aspects of this issue. ... more

    March 1, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Alexandrine Latendresse
    Alexandrine Latendresse spoke about Government Orders > Faster Removal of Foreign Criminals Act

    Mr. Speaker, I rise in the House today to speak to Bill C-43, An Act to amend the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. This legislation includes many provisions relating to immigration. Some are valid and interesting, while others seem less appropriate. ... more

    Oct. 4, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Anne Minh-Thu Quach
    Anne Minh-Thu Quach spoke about Government Orders > Faster Removal of Foreign Criminals Act

    Mr. Speaker, Canada has a reputation for being a welcoming country, but unfortunately, under this government, problems with our immigration system keep piling up. Instead of dealing with the cumbersome bureaucracy, the Conservative government has instead introduced another bill, on the heels of Bills C-4 and C-31, that will not do much and, in fact, will cause more problems of injustice. ... more

    Oct. 4, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Scott Armstrong
    Scott Armstrong spoke about Government Orders > Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act

    Mr. Speaker, it is my pleasure to speak today on Bill C-31, the protecting Canada's immigration system act, and to voice my strong opposition to the irresponsible NDP and Liberal amendments that will gut this necessary and important piece of legislation, which will improve the country's immigration system in a number of important ways. ... more

    June 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Jean Crowder
    Jean Crowder spoke about Government Orders > Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act

    Mr. Speaker, I rise to speak to Bill C-31 but before I get into my speaking points, I did not have an opportunity to reply to the parliamentary secretary for natural resources but I want to put on record the very clear NDP position on this. ... more

    June 1, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Jason Kenney
    Jason Kenney spoke about Government Orders > Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act > Bill C-31—Time allocation motion

    Madam Speaker, that question is just complete nonsense. The reality is that every member has had an opportunity to speak repeatedly on this bill. First of all, many of the elements of Bill C-31 were debated in the previous Parliament under the heading of Bill C-49. Second, in the earlier part of this Parliament most of the provisions of the bill were debated in the form of Bill C-4. ... more

    May 29, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Mike Sullivan
    Mike Sullivan spoke about Government Orders > Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act

    Mr. Speaker, I rise today on behalf of the good residents of York South—Weston, my constituents, to try to make some sense out of what is happening but I am afraid I am not able to make sense of it. ... more

    May 17, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Sadia Groguhé
    Sadia Groguhé spoke about Government Orders > Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act

    Mr. Speaker, for two weeks in a row, we heard testimony from experts, front-line workers and refugees who came to express their concerns about Bill C-31 while it was being studied by the Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration. I want to remind the House that a policy without justice is an inadequate policy. Bill C-31 completely jeopardizes refugee rights, and creates two classes of refugees. ... more

    May 17, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Kevin Lamoureux

    Yes, absolutely. I recommend not putting any sort of time limit in terms of what might happen in third reading. We should try to allow for full and open debate. ... more

    May 10, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Rosane Doré Lefebvre
    Rosane Doré Lefebvre spoke about Adjournment Proceedings > Citizenship and Immigration

    Mr. Speaker, on February 8, 2012, I rose in the House to ask the Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism about the very worrisome situation at the Laval immigration holding centre, which is in my riding of Alfred-Pellan. ... more

    May 9, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Costas Menegakis

    Minister, Monday in the House, you mentioned the number of hours that have been given for debate on Bill C-31. You also mentioned the number of hours that we debated Bill C-10 and Bill C-4. ... more

    April 26, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Jason Kenney
    Jason Kenney spoke about Government Orders > Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act

    Mr. Speaker, I would like to thank all members who have participated in this debate over the course of some 23 hours of debate over 5 parliamentary days, 64 members having spoken to the bill, in addition to which this bill was preceded, in part, by Bill C-4. Bill C-31 is subsuming Bill C-4. If we combine the amount of debate on the two bills, we have had 41 hours of debate over 14 days, with 137 speeches, a very fulsome debate, and I do hope that this important bill, an act to protect the integrity of Canada's immigration system, will be referred for close, detailed study to the Standing Committee on Citizenship and Immigration. ... more

    April 23, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Raymond Côté
    Raymond Côté spoke about Government Orders > Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act

    Mr. Speaker, I listened very carefully to my colleague's speech. I wish to thank him for his speech. However, unfortunately, the hon. member seems to believe in magical thinking, as do most of his cabinet colleagues. ... more

    April 23, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Kevin Lamoureux
    Kevin Lamoureux spoke about Government Orders > Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act

    Mr. Speaker, in Bill C-31 there are three areas we need to explore and discuss and I look forward to doing that in committee. ... more

    April 23, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Anne Minh-Thu Quach
    Anne Minh-Thu Quach spoke about Government Orders > Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act

    Mr. Speaker, I would like to thank my colleague for her speech, which expressed great humanity, as always. ... more

    April 23, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Dan Harris
    Dan Harris spoke about Government Orders > Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act

    Mr. Speaker, I would like to thank the member for joining me and the member for Beaches—East York as members of the new parliamentary friendship association between Canada and Bangladesh. We would sincerely like a member of the government to show up to one of these meetings. ... more

    April 23, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Tyrone Benskin
    Tyrone Benskin spoke about Government Orders > Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act

    Mr. Speaker, I would like my colleague to comment on the Bill C-4 section in particular. The government has taken great pains and made great noise about how the long gun registry turned innocent long gun owners into criminals even though they had not done anything. ... more

    April 23, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Dan Harris
    Dan Harris spoke about Government Orders > Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act

    Mr. Speaker, it was very interesting to hear the government House leader say that a committee should be allowed to complete its work before decisions are made. That is the situation on Bill C-31 with respect to biometrics. A committee was engaged in a study to discuss the facts and meet with experts and witnesses in order to reach a decision on biometrics. However, the Conservatives just shot that out the cannon and are now proceeding with this bill before the committee's work is done. ... more

    April 23, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Anne Minh-Thu Quach
    Anne Minh-Thu Quach spoke about Government Orders > Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act

    Mr. Speaker, I congratulate my colleague for his very clear and compassionate speech. As he mentioned, Bill C-31 is the incarnation of the former Bill C-49, and it also includes everything that was denounced in Bill C-4 with respect to refugees. Instead of attacking smugglers and those who abuse refugees, this bill directly attacks the refugees themselves. Furthermore, the Conservatives are trying to make the public afraid. They are fearmongering about refugees' lack of identification. These refugees flee their countries and do not have the time to take their papers with them. I would like my colleague to expand a bit on this subject.

    April 23, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Peter Van Loan
    Peter Van Loan spoke about Royal Assent > Business of the House

    Mr. Speaker, as we all know, in a little more than 40 minutes, the Minister of Finance will table this year's budget and I am sure all members are looking forward to that event. ... more

    March 29, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Joe Comartin
    Joe Comartin spoke about Royal Assent > Business of the House

    Mr. Speaker, before I go to the question, I have a point to make. As we know, we will have the budget later today. What we have seen repeatedly is a breach of the long-standing tradition of the Westminster Parliament of not putting out in advance information that is in the budget. However, we have seen it repeatedly done by the government, not just in this budget but in prior ones. ... more

    March 29, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Jason Kenney
    Jason Kenney spoke

    But we said in the previous debate under Bill C-4 that it was always the intention to exercise ministerial discretion to release from detention unaccompanied minors. Now we've clarified that.

    March 27, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Jason Kenney
    Jason Kenney spoke

    In respect of the Bill C-31 provision, we wanted to clarify what we had said before, which is that the minister had discretion under Bill C-4 to release minors from detention. We wanted to clarify because there were misunderstandings fueled by you and others that we are going to have mandatory detention of all minors, without discretion. ... more

    March 27, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Don Davies
    Don Davies spoke

    Fair enough. ... more

    March 27, 2012,   Parliament
  • Photo of Ève Péclet
    Ève Péclet spoke about Government Orders > Protecting Canada's Immigration System Act

    Mr. Speaker, I am very pleased to rise in the House today to speak to Bill C-31. My colleagues across the floor will be happy to hear that I have almost lost my voice. So, this will be different than some of my speeches in the past. However, it is for a good cause. ... more

    March 26, 2012,   Parliament
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