Bill C-452

An Act to amend the Criminal Code (exploitation and trafficking in persons)

This bill was tabled by Maria Mourani on Oct. 17, 2012.

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How does a bill become a law?

Don’t trust Schoolhouse Rock – that’s for Americans. To become a law, a bill in the Canada’s Parliament needs to go through the following steps, and pass when voted on during each step:

  • It all starts with the first reading, when the bill is introduced.
  • Next comes the second reading, when other MPs or Senators get to debate the bill.
  • After that, the bill goes to a committee that studies and amends it line-by-line. Once they finish, the bill goes returns to the House or Senate for the report stage, where anyone can propose amendments.
  • The third reading is the moment of truth: no more changes, just a debate and a final vote on whether or not the bill should pass.
  • If a bill makes it through all of those steps – in both the House of Commons and Senate – it’s ready to get Royal Assent and become a law.

Status of this Bill

Introduction and First Reading

Activity Feed

  • Photo of Joy Smith
    Joy Smith spoke about Private Members' Business > Criminal Code

    Mr. Speaker, I would very much like to again thank the member for Ahuntsic for Bill C-452. It is a very important bill. We have talked tonight about the importance of the bill, including the consecutive sentencing and the things in the bill that would enhance the Criminal Code here in our country. That is very important. Our government, on this side of the House, is supporting this bill. ... more

    June 18, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Lise St-Denis
    Lise St-Denis spoke about Private Members' Business > Criminal Code

    Mr. Speaker, the introduction of the human trafficking bill, which the Liberal Party supports, calls the attention of the House to the darkest aspects of the human soul. All over the world, women, children and men are deprived of their freedom and dignity. Examples of mistreatment and abuse abound in many countries, on every continent. ... more

    June 18, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Hoang Mai
    Hoang Mai spoke about Private Members' Business > Criminal Code

    Mr. Speaker, I have the honour to rise today to talk about Bill C-452, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (exploitation and trafficking in persons). ... more

    June 18, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Robert Goguen
    Robert Goguen spoke about Private Members' Business > Criminal Code

    Mr. Speaker, I am pleased to rise in support of private member's Bill C-452, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (exploitation and trafficking in persons). I would like to thank the member for Ahuntsic for introducing this important piece of legislation. ... more

    June 18, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Maria Mourani
    Maria Mourani spoke about Private Members' Business > Criminal Code

    moved that Bill C-452, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (exploitation and trafficking in persons), be read the third time and passed. ... more

    June 18, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Maria Mourani
    Maria Mourani spoke about Private Members' Business > Criminal Code

    moved that Bill C-452, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (exploitation and trafficking in persons), as amended, be concurred in at report stage.

    June 18, 2013,   Parliament
  • spoke about Private Members' Business > Criminal Code

    The House proceeded to the consideration of Bill C-452, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (exploitation and trafficking in persons), as reported (with amendments) from the committee.

    June 18, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Françoise Boivin
    Françoise Boivin spoke about Routine Proceedings > Petitions > Human Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation

    Mr. Speaker, I am pleased to table two petitions. The first one will go to the Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights. It is about Bill C-452, which amends the Criminal Code as it relates to human trafficking and exploitation. ... more

    May 10, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Mike Wallace
    Mike Wallace spoke about Routine Proceedings > Committees of the House > Justice and Human Rights

    Mr. Speaker, I have the honour to present, in both official languages, the 24th report of the Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights in relation to Bill C-452, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (exploitation and trafficking in persons). ... more

    May 9, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Françoise Boivin

    This is a problem for me because, during the study of Bill C-452, we all agreed in saying that the offences in question were serious. I have seen government bills take up to a year or a year and a half to be passed. The argument related to provinces is not the problem here; this is a classic case of procrastination. ... more

    May 8, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Judy Sgro
    Judy Sgro spoke

    Thank you very much. ... more

    May 8, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Françoise Boivin

    Here's how I see things. When I mentioned the decision in the Bedford case, I simply wanted to argue that our whole debate on section 1 may have been pointless, since we don't know what position the Supreme Court will adopt. The amendment proposed in Bill C-452 does not affect the correction the trial judge asked parliamentarians to make. It was not related to types of sentences, but to the offence itself. I think that's more or less applicable. ... more

    May 8, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Robert Goguen

    I have a motion, Mr. Speaker. It has been discussed with Madam Boivin, I believe, and the Liberal Party, perhaps not Mrs. Sgro. ... more

    May 8, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Françoise Boivin
    Françoise Boivin spoke about Routine Proceedings > Petitions > Trafficking in Persons and Sexual Exploitation

    Mr. Speaker, the second petition is in support of Bill C-452, which seeks to combat trafficking in persons and sexual exploitation.

    May 7, 2013,   Parliament
  • Ms. Nathalie Levman spoke

    I can explain the amendment. It does create a separate legal test for exploitation, so the police would have to decide which definition they would go with. Previous witnesses have correctly pointed out that much of this language is derived from article 3 of the United Nations trafficking protocol and, as has already been pointed out, that language has not been judicially interpreted in Canada so there really is a problem with vagueness and potential overbreadth here with some of this language. It could confuse the operation of the law, and it raises potential charter considerations. ... more

    May 6, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Sean Casey
    Sean Casey spoke

    Yes, please. ... more

    May 6, 2013,   Parliament
  • Ms. Nathalie Levman spoke

    I believe so. I believe this accomplishes the same goal as is in Bill C-452, but it better reflects the type of language that's already used in the Criminal Code and that has been found to be constitutional, so it's safer. But it affects the same thing.

    May 6, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Françoise Boivin

    I just want to make sure my understanding of the burden of proof is correct as far as what the police, or rather the Crown, have to prove. It is, after all, the crown attorney who has to establish the proof. This doesn't make things harder for them than the original bill did. Unless I'm mistaken, we're repeating the language in sections 279.01 and 279.011 of the Criminal Code. We're doing somewhat the same thing when it comes to section 212 and the language regarding the presumption and evidence that the person lives with or is habitually in the company of a prostitute. So we're always repeating the language of the offence itself. That seems to make things clearer than they were originally in Bill C-452. That's what you're telling us, basically. ... more

    May 6, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Sean Casey
    Sean Casey spoke

    I have some submissions with respect to it. I'm satisfied with the answer to the question, but I have some concerns about the amendment. Bear with me, Mr. Chairman. In my submissions there are a couple of hypotheticals, so it's a bit lengthy and it's been prepared in advance. ... more

    May 6, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Françoise Boivin

    I don't know whether it's due to the fact that I'm not feeling well and my head is a bit foggy, but I'm having a hard time with the numbering for this clause. ... more

    May 6, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Mike Wallace
    Mike Wallace spoke

    Thank you, Mr. Casey. I will rule on that amendment. ... more

    May 6, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Sean Casey
    Sean Casey spoke

    Thank you, Mr. Chair. ... more

    May 6, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Mike Wallace
    Mike Wallace spoke

    I call this meeting back to order. ... more

    May 6, 2013,   Parliament
  • Photo of Françoise Boivin

    Thank you, Mr. Chair. ... more

    May 6, 2013,   Parliament
  • Ms. Louise Dionne (Coordinator, Comité d'action contre la traite humaine interne et international) spoke

    We believe that Bill C-452, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (exploitation and trafficking in persons), introduced by Maria Mourani, will help to counter procuring and human trafficking in Canada. This bill provides solutions to the limits of the justice system while responding to some of our concerns about the needs of victims. It also will also go some way to providing the social and economic measures necessary to support those who have been exploited. ... more

    May 6, 2013,   Parliament
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